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Transitions

 

“Transitions are words or phrases that lead your reader from one idea to the next” (McWhorter 138).

 

“By using transitional terms, you can help your readers move easily from one idea to another” (Lee 32).

 

An analogy: 

A transition provides the same function in a paragraph that the clutch does in a car with a stick shift.  Putting in a transition between ideas is like putting in the clutch before shifting to a new gear.  If you do not put in the clutch before shifting, your kidneys will come out your nose.  Likewise, if you do not provide transitions, your reader is in for a very uncomfortable ride/read. 

 

*It is reader-friendly to use transitions in order make your paragraphs “flow.”

 

Pages in the book which list transitions (you may want to mark these with post-its):  32; 110; 179

 


Some Common Transitions:

 

Items in a series:  first, second, then, next, another, furthermore, soon, later, at that/this point, after, as well as, finally

 

Illustration:  for instance, for example, moreover

 

Result or cause:  consequently, therefore, so, hence, thus, because of this, then, as a result

 

Restatement:  in other words, that is, in simpler terms, essentially

 

Opposing viewpoint:  but, however, on the contrary, nevertheless, neither, nor, on the one/other hand, still, yet