1. Action Verbs: What the subject is doing
He (subject/pronoun) ran (action verb) to (prepos.) the (adject.) store (object).
She (subj./pron.) lied (action verb) about (prepos.) her (adject.) age (object).
2. Being Verbs: What the subject is being (state, not an action); the being verb links the subject to the state, which is often an adjective
Being Verbs: am; are; is; was; were
I am tired (adjective).
He is tall and blond (2 adjectives).
The car is red (adjective).
· Verb Phrases: A main verb and one or more helping verbs (see 36)
Ex: I may have a cold.
Ex: I will go after work.
· Never, Not, Hardly, Seldom: These are not verbs; they modify verbs.
Ex: I never drink water. (“never” tells you more about “drink”—when)
· Compound Verbs: Verbs joined by and or or
Ex: I will either walk to Safeway or go through a drive-through.
· Verbals: These are not verbs; they function as other parts of speech
1. Infinitives: to + a verb
Ex: I prefer to drink Pepsi. I want to have fun.
2. Gerunds: Verbs ending in –ing that act like nouns
Ex: Drinking soda is refreshing, but it isn’t good for you.
3. Participles: Verblike words that end in –ing or –ed
Ex: Exhausted beyond belief, she sank down onto the sofa.
Ex: Taking a final drink, he threw the can out the window.