Adjectives: Describe nouns and pronouns.
They answer the questions What kind? Which one? and How many?
· What Kind?: Descriptive
Ex: I like Thai food.
· Which One?: Adjective that makes a noun specific (could be a pronoun)
Ex: Give me that wrench.
Ex: My car is the filthy one.
· How many?: Numbering adjective
Ex: I had three miles left to go. Each step required effort.
· Article: A, An, and The; These are noun indicators, but they are also adjectives describing their nouns.
Ex: I had to get a new Visa card.
Adverb: Modifies verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs.
They answer the questions How? Where? When? and To what degree?
· How?: Tells how something is done
Ex: The cat meowed frantically.
· Where?: Shows location
Ex: I walked forward.
· When?: Indicates time
Ex: She is leaving tomorrow.
· To what degree?: Expresses extent
Ex: I was thoroughly exhausted.
Comparative and Superlative
Adjective and Adverbs have three different forms:
· Positive (one): Good
· Comparative (comparing two): Better
· Superlative (comparing three or more): Best
1. For adjectives of one or two syllables, add er
Ex: He is smarter than she is.
2. For adjectives of three or more syllables, use more
Ex: My life is more wonderful than yours.
1. For adjectives of one or two syllables, add est
Ex: That was the stupidest movie I have ever seen.
2. For adjectives of three or more syllables, use most
Ex: This is the most satisfying cup of coffee I have ever had.
1. For adverbs of one syllable, add er
Ex: He ran faster than she did.
2. For adverbs of two or more syllables, put more in front of the adverb
Ex: My car idles more noisily than yours does.
1. For adverbs of one syllable, add est
Ex: He ran fastest out of everybody.
2. For adverbs of two or more syllables, put most in front of the adverb
Ex: Out of all of the cars on block, mine idles most noisily.