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Adjectives: Describe nouns and pronouns.

They answer the questions What kind? Which one? and How many?

       What Kind?: Descriptive

Ex: I like Thai food.

       Which One?: Adjective that makes a noun specific (could be a pronoun)

Ex: Give me that wrench.

Ex: My car is the filthy one.

       How many?: Numbering adjective

Ex: I had three miles left to go. Each step required effort.

       Article: A, An, and The; These are noun indicators, but they are also adjectives describing their nouns.

Ex: I had to get a new Visa card.

 

Adverb: Modifies verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs.

They answer the questions How? Where? When? and To what degree?

       How?: Tells how something is done

Ex: The cat meowed frantically.

       Where?: Shows location

Ex: I walked forward.

       When?: Indicates time

Ex: She is leaving tomorrow.

       To what degree?: Expresses extent

Ex: I was thoroughly exhausted.

 


Comparative and Superlative

 

Adjective and Adverbs have three different forms:

       Positive (one): Good

       Comparative (comparing two): Better

       Superlative (comparing three or more): Best

 

Adjectives: Rules

Comparative:

1. For adjectives of one or two syllables, add er

Ex: He is smarter than she is.

2. For adjectives of three or more syllables, use more

Ex: My life is more wonderful than yours.

 

Superlative:

1. For adjectives of one or two syllables, add est

Ex: That was the stupidest movie I have ever seen.

2. For adjectives of three or more syllables, use most

Ex: This is the most satisfying cup of coffee I have ever had.

 

Adverbs: Rules

Comparative:

1. For adverbs of one syllable, add er

Ex: He ran faster than she did.

2. For adverbs of two or more syllables, put more in front of the adverb

Ex: My car idles more noisily than yours does.

 

Superlative:

1. For adverbs of one syllable, add est

Ex: He ran fastest out of everybody.

2. For adverbs of two or more syllables, put most in front of the adverb

Ex: Out of all of the cars on block, mine idles most noisily.