Convinces reader to agree with you/do something
Essays to Reference: Health Clubs, 266; Pet Therapy, 101; Penny, 591; Part–Time, 541
1. Target Audience:
· Don’t know, don’t care, or don’t agree
(What kind of audience does each author have?)
*If no controversy, no argument
2. Purpose: Inform audience who doesn’t know; convince audience who doesn’t agree; interest audience who doesn’t care; persuade audience who doesn’t do.
3. Narrowed Proposition/Thesis:
Claim that identifies what your reader should think/do after reading: Very specific!
· Male & female athletes should get equal pay.
· Ride the bus!
*How might the above topics be narrowed?
Support for Arguments:
Reason: Topic Sentence
Support: Evidence that “backs up” statement made in topic sentence
Types of support (from weakest to strongest):
Examples: Must be relevant & representative
(¶2, 591; Health Clubs; Pet Therapy; Part–Time)
Authorities: Opinions of recognized experts
(Which essay offers expert opinions?)
Facts/Statistics: Make sure they are solid
(Where does Safire offer facts and stats? Steinberg? Pechter? Whose are most credible?)
*You will use quotes & paraphrases for the latter 2