Subordination: The Complex Sentence
· One independent clause
· One or more dependent clauses
*Use a comma after a dependent clause that is before the main clause
Ex: Because I was late, I did not eat breakfast.
I did not eat breakfast because I was late.
*A relative clause can be the dependent clause in a complex sentence.
Ex: The juice that I brought had expired.
Creating Complex Sentences:
A complex sentence combines two ideas of unequal value:
· Main idea= independent clause
· Subordinate idea= dependent clause
· Select the subordinating conjunction that will best show the relationship between the two clauses: See page 425
· Decide where the dependent clause should be: before, after, within
· If dep. clause comes before indep. clause, set it off with a comma:
Ex: After I taught my class, I got an apple fritter at Starbucks.
Complex Sentences with Relative Clauses:
If the relative clause is necessary to the meaning of the sentence, do not set it off.
If it is not necessary for meaning, set it off.
That: The clause is necessary to the meaning of the sentence.
Ex: The soda machine that is out by the MTs often eats your money.
Which: The clause is not necessary for meaning.
Ex: It is often out of Vanilla Pepsi, which is my favorite.
Who: May be necessary or unnecessary, depending on the sentence.
Ex: The man who is standing by the car looks suspicious.
Ex: The man, who was more honest than most, lied.