The Complex Sentence
∑ One independent clause (Most important idea)
∑ One+ dependent clauses, including relative clauses
(Less important idea)
∑ One+ subordinating conjunctions (unless the dependent clause is a relative clause)†
Subordinating conjunctions:† Subordinating conjunctions relate dependent clauses to independent clauses:† 425; 438; 530
Ex:† After I parked the car, I went in and got a massage.†
Ex:† The film that the theater was playing won many awards.
*Use a comma if the dependent clause comes first!
Because I was late, I didnít eat.† I didnít eat because I was late.
The Compound/Complex Sentence:
∑ Two+ independent clauses (main ideas)
∑ One+ dependent clauses (subordinate ideas)
∑ One+ coordinating conjunctions (FANBOYS) & one+ subordinating conjunctions (unless DC is a relative clause)
Ex:† Because she ditched school, she didnít get the homework, so she failed the quiz.
Ex:† I couldnít afford to go to the play that some of my friends went to, so I and the rest of my friends went to a movie instead.
He stayed home because he was sick, but I went.
Even though she knew all of the material, when the day of the exam came she was filled with anxiety.